Elgin, IL Profile: Facts, Map & Data

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Elgin, Illinois - Basic Facts

The City of Elgin is an incorporated place (Class Code P1) located in Kane County at latitude 42.0396 and longitude -88.3217. Kane County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 745 feet.

The formal official name is the City of Elgin, but most people and references simply refer to it as Elgin, Illinois.

The P1 Census Class Code for Elgin indicates a populated place that is also an incorporated place with the same name and the same census code. The Incorporated Place has a Functional Status Code "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

City of Elgin, IL Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Township of Elgin | Kane County | Illinois Counties

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Elgin, IL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 111,383
Population in Households 109,441
Population in Familes 92,780
Population in Group Qrtrs 1,942
Population Density1 2,997
Diversity Index2 78


Total Households 36,060
Average Household Size 3.03
Family Households 26,074
Average Family Size 4


Total Housing Units 38,840 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 24,678 (63.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 11,381 (29.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 2,780 ( 7.2%)
Median Home Value $202,505
Average Home Value $225,673


Median Household Income $59,791
Average Household Income $75,980
Per Capita Income $24,852
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2014 2014-2019
Population 0.69% 0.4%
Households 0.64% 0.44%
Families 0.76% 0.34%
Median Household Income   2.76%
Per Capita Income   2.43%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Elgin, IL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elgin to the other 1,367 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Illinois by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 8 99th
Population Density1 # 138 90th
Diversity Index2 # 26 98th
Median Household Income # 389 72nd
Per Capita Income # 672 51st

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Illinois Census Data Comparison Tool.