Monticello, IL Profile: Facts & Data


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Monticello, Illinois - Basic Facts

The City of Monticello had a population of 5,573 as of July 1, 2020.

The primary coordinate point for Monticello is located at latitude 40.0278 and longitude -88.5734 in Piatt County. The formal boundaries for the City of Monticello encompass a land area of 3.8 sq. miles and a water area of 0.04 sq. miles. Piatt County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 656 feet.

The City of Monticello (GNIS ID: 2395384) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Monticello is located within Township of Monticello, a minor civil division (MCD) of Piatt County.


Monticello, IL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 5,573 (100%)
Population in Households 5,544 (99.5%)
Population in Families 4,550 (81.6%)
Population in Group Quarters1 29 ( 0.5%)
Population Density 1,449
Diversity Index2 10


Median Household Income $77,922
Average Household Income $91,090
% of Income for Mortgage4 9%
Per Capita Income $38,680
Wealth Index5 117


Total HU (Housing Units) 2,581 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 1,849 (71.6%)
Renter Occupied HU 518 (20.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 214 ( 8.3%)
Median Home Value $172,153
Average Home Value $225,866
Housing Affordability Index3 236


Total Households 2,367
Average Household Size 2.34
Family Households 1,576
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population 0.05% -0.28%
Households 0.15% -0.19%
Families 0.02% -0.29%
Median Household Income   0.19%
Per Capita Income   1.27%
Owner Occupied HU   -0.11%


Monticello, IL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Monticello to the other 1,369 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Illinois by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 319 77th
Population Density # 465 66th
Median Household Income # 243 82nd
Housing Affordability Index # 684 50th
Per Capita Income # 214 84th
Diversity Index # 944 31st

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Illinois Census Data Comparison Tool.

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