Hartford, IL Profile: Facts & Data


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Hartford, Illinois - Basic Facts

The Village of Hartford had a population of 1,227 as of July 1, 2023. Hartford ranks in the lower quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Illinois. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Hartford is located at latitude 38.8334 and longitude -90.0959 in Madison County. The formal boundaries for the Village of Hartford encompass a land area of 4.66 sq. miles and a water area of 0.22 sq. miles. Madison County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6).

The Village of Hartford has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The Village of Hartford is located within Township of Chouteau, a minor civil division (MCD) of Madison County.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Hartford 2023 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Hartford (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Illinois Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Illinois Data Comparison Tool - 2023 Demographics

Hartford, IL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 1,227 (100%)
Population in Households 1,227 (100.0%)
Population in Families 932 (76.0%)
Population in Group Quarters1 0
Population Density 238
Diversity Index2 19


Median Household Income $49,289
Average Household Income $64,742
% of Income for Mortgage4 9%
Per Capita Income $27,754
Wealth Index5 44
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Low (42.6)


Total HU (Housing Units) 579 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 404 (69.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 122 (21.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 53 ( 9.2%)
Median Home Value $73,429
Average Home Value $83,354
Housing Affordability Index3 248


Total Households 526
Average Household Size 2.33
Family Households 309
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population 1.08% -0.26%
Households -0.17% -0.08%
Families   -0.13%
Median Household Income   2.03%
Per Capita Income   2.78%
Owner Occupied HU   0.20%

Hartford, IL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Hartford to the other 1,464 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Illinois by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 629 57th
Population Density # 1278 13th
Median Household Income # 1283 12th
Housing Affordability Index # 1367 93rd
Per Capita Income # 1277 13th
Diversity Index # 798 46th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Illinois Census Data Comparison Tool.

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