Piper City, IL Profile: Facts & Data


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Piper City, Illinois - Basic Facts

The Village of Piper City had a population of 781 as of July 1, 2020.

The primary coordinate point for Piper City is located at latitude 40.7567 and longitude -88.1912 in Ford County. The formal boundaries for the Village of Piper City encompass a land area of 0.55 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Ford County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 673 feet.

The Village of Piper City (GNIS ID: 2399679) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The Village of Piper City is located within Township of Brenton, a minor civil division (MCD) of Ford County.


Piper City, IL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 781 (100%)
Population in Households 736 (94.2%)
Population in Families 599 (76.7%)
Population in Group Quarters1 45 ( 5.8%)
Population Density 1,408
Diversity Index2 30


Median Household Income $45,531
Average Household Income $59,345
% of Income for Mortgage4 6%
Per Capita Income $23,296
Wealth Index5 53


Total HU (Housing Units) 360 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 206 (57.2%)
Renter Occupied HU 103 (28.6%)
Vacant Housing Units 51 (14.2%)
Median Home Value $69,149
Average Home Value $91,667
Housing Affordability Index3 344


Total Households 309
Average Household Size 2.38
Family Households 207
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population -0.55% -0.89%
Households -0.4% -0.86%
Families -0.55% -0.89%
Median Household Income   1.26%
Per Capita Income   1.68%
Owner Occupied HU   -0.49%


Piper City, IL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Piper City to the other 1,369 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Illinois by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 778 43rd
Population Density # 498 64th
Median Household Income # 1128 18th
Housing Affordability Index # 1223 89th
Per Capita Income # 1179 14th
Diversity Index # 381 72nd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Illinois Census Data Comparison Tool.

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