Mattoon, IL Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Mattoon, Illinois - Basic Facts

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The City of Mattoon had a population of 18,358 as of July 1, 2017.

The primary coordinate point for Mattoon is located at latitude 39.4778 and longitude -88.3622 in Coles County. The formal boundaries for the City of Mattoon (see map below) encompass a land area of 10.31 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Coles County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 735 feet.

The City of Mattoon (GNIS ID: 2395046) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Mattoon is located within Township of Mattoon, a minor civil division (MCD) of Coles County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Mattoon population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

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City of Mattoon, IL Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Township of Mattoon | Coles County | Illinois Counties

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Mattoon, IL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 18,358
Daytime Population: Workers 11,336
Daytime Population: Residents 10,044
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 21,380
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.16
Population in Households 17,991
Population in Familes 13,313
Population in Group Qrtrs 367
Population Density2 1,780
Diversity Index3 15


Median Household Income $39,278
Average Household Income $53,371
Per Capita Income $23,203


Total Housing Units 8,909 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 4,687 (52.6%)
Renter Occupied HU 3,280 (36.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 942 (10.6%)
Median Home Value $84,203
Average Home Value $108,412


Total Households 7,967
Average Household Size 2.26
Family Households 4,582
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population -0.15% -0.23%
Households -0.33% -0.33%
Families -0.05% -0.48%
Median Household Income   0.9%
Per Capita Income   2.24%

Mattoon, IL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Mattoon to the other 1,368 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Illinois by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 140 90th
Population Density # 352 74th
Diversity Index # 613 55th
Median Household Income # 1199 12th
Per Capita Income # 1039 24th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Illinois Census Data Comparison Tool.

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