Canton, IL Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Canton, Illinois - Basic Facts

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The City of Canton had a population of 14,144 as of July 1, 2017. Canton ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Illinois. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Canton is located at latitude 40.5626 and longitude -90.0405 in Fulton County. The formal boundaries for the City of Canton (see map below) encompass a land area of 7.9 sq. miles and a water area of 0.16 sq. miles. Fulton County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 646 feet.

The City of Canton (GNIS ID: 2393732) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Canton is located within Township of Canton, a minor civil division (MCD) of Fulton County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Canton population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Neighborhood Data

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City of Canton, IL Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Township of Canton | Fulton County | Illinois Counties

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Canton, IL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 14,144
Daytime Population: Workers 5,489
Daytime Population: Residents 7,114
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 12,603
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 0.89
Population in Households 11,768
Population in Familes 8,984
Population in Group Qrtrs 2,376
Population Density2 1,789
Diversity Index3 36


Median Household Income $41,641
Average Household Income $55,238
Per Capita Income $21,839


Total Housing Units 5,932 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 3,282 (55.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 1,852 (31.2%)
Vacant Housing Units 798 (13.5%)
Median Home Value $90,121
Average Home Value $107,572


Total Households 5,134
Average Household Size 2.29
Family Households 3,122
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population -0.53% -0.81%
Households -0.71% -1.0%
Families -0.83% -1.12%
Median Household Income   1.37%
Per Capita Income   2.23%

Canton, IL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Canton to the other 1,368 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Illinois by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 172 88th
Population Density # 348 75th
Diversity Index # 290 79th
Median Household Income # 1125 18th
Per Capita Income # 1144 16th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Illinois Census Data Comparison Tool.

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