Joy, IL Profile: Facts & Data


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Joy, Illinois - Basic Facts

The Village of Joy had a population of 323 as of July 1, 2023.

The primary coordinate point for Joy is located at latitude 41.1967 and longitude -90.8804 in Mercer County. The formal boundaries for the Village of Joy encompass a land area of 0.43 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Mercer County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6).

The Village of Joy has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The Village of Joy is located within Township of Millersburg, a minor civil division (MCD) of Mercer County.

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  1. Joy 2023 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Joy (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Illinois Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Illinois Data Comparison Tool - 2023 Demographics

Joy, IL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 323 (100%)
Population in Households 323 (100.0%)
Population in Families 286 (88.5%)
Population in Group Quarters1 0
Population Density 755
Diversity Index2 23


Median Household Income $41,842
Average Household Income $54,467
% of Income for Mortgage4 13%
Per Capita Income $24,282
Wealth Index5 39
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Moderate (47.0)


Total HU (Housing Units) 170 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 118 (69.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 26 (15.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 26 (15.3%)
Median Home Value $87,255
Average Home Value $87,712
Housing Affordability Index3 169


Total Households 144
Average Household Size 2.24
Family Households 101
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population -4.25% -0.06%
Households -1.04% 0.00%
Families   0.59%
Median Household Income   1.55%
Per Capita Income   2.15%
Owner Occupied HU   0.17%

Joy, IL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Joy to the other 1,464 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Illinois by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1047 29th
Population Density # 880 40th
Median Household Income # 1406 4th
Housing Affordability Index # 956 65th
Per Capita Income # 1391 5th
Diversity Index # 655 55th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Illinois Census Data Comparison Tool.

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