Effingham, IL Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Effingham, Illinois - Basic Facts

The City of Effingham had a population of 12,563 as of July 1, 2017.

The primary coordinate point for Effingham is located at latitude 39.1198 and longitude -88.5509 in Effingham County. The formal boundaries for the City of Effingham (see map below) encompass a land area of 9.93 sq. miles and a water area of 0.06 sq. miles. Effingham County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 597 feet.

The City of Effingham (GNIS ID: 2394628) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Effingham is located within Township of Douglas, a minor civil division (MCD) of Effingham County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Effingham population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

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City of Effingham, IL Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Township of Douglas | Effingham County | Illinois Counties

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Effingham, IL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 12,563
Daytime Population: Workers 17,059
Daytime Population: Residents 6,166
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 23,225
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.85
Population in Households 12,216
Population in Familes 9,254
Population in Group Qrtrs 347
Population Density2 1,266
Diversity Index3 16


Median Household Income $43,382
Average Household Income $62,295
Per Capita Income $27,168


Total Housing Units 5,924 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 3,299 (55.7%)
Renter Occupied HU 2,173 (36.7%)
Vacant Housing Units 452 ( 7.6%)
Median Home Value $122,749
Average Home Value $146,734


Total Households 5,472
Average Household Size 2.23
Family Households 3,184
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.26% 0.29%
Households 0.33% 0.34%
Families 0.34% 0.18%
Median Household Income   1.65%
Per Capita Income   2.93%

Effingham, IL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Effingham to the other 1,368 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Illinois by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 198 86th
Population Density # 595 57th
Diversity Index # 576 58th
Median Household Income # 1068 22nd
Per Capita Income # 646 53rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Illinois Census Data Comparison Tool.

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