Chicago, IL Profile: Facts & Data

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Chicago, Illinois - Basic Facts

The City of Chicago is the largest city in Illinois with a population of 2,744,859 as of July 1, 2019. Chicago ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Illinois. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Chicago is located at latitude 41.85 and longitude -87.6501 in Cook County. The formal boundaries for the City of Chicago encompass a land area of 227.77 sq. miles and a water area of 6.37 sq. miles. Cook County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 587 feet.

The City of Chicago (GNIS ID: 428803) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Chicago: Chicagu, Cikago, The Windy City.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Chicago 2019 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Chicago (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Illinois Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Illinois Data Comparison Tool - 2019 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2019, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


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Chicago, IL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2019)

HOUSING AFFORDABILITY INDEX

Chicago, IL Housing Affordability Index is 89
State of Illinois Housing Affordability Index is 119
The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.

WEALTH INDEX

Chicago, IL Wealth Index is 73
State of Illinois Wealth Index is 105
The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

These new demographic attributes are availiable for Neighborhoods, Cities, Counties, and ZIP Codes.

More Tools and Resources:

  1. For information about schools and school attendance zones, use the HTL Address Tool
  2. Our new HTL Neighborhood Explorer provides lots of detail about any neighborhood.
  3. The new 2-Minute Introduction and Concise Guide to Big Data which will help you make the most effective use of HomeTownLocator Tools.
  4. See the References & Data Sources page for more information about methodology and sources of data.
  5. See the Illinois COVID-19 Data and US COVID-19 Data for more information on the spread of the novel coronavirus.

POPULATION

Total Population 2,744,859
Population in Households 2,684,167
Population in Families 1,969,728
Population in Group Qrtrs 60,692
Population Density 12,072
Diversity Index1 83
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $55,222
Average Household Income $84,867
Per Capita Income $33,398
Wealth Index3 73

HOUSING

Total Housing Units 1,221,203 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 450,574 (36.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 626,222 (51.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 144,407 (11.8%)
Median Home Value $271,284
Housing Affordability Index2 89
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 1,076,796
Average Household Size 2.49
Family Households 580,073
Average Family Size 3
NOTES
  1. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  2. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  3. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

GROWTH RATE / YEAR

2010-2019 2019-2024
Population 0.2% 0.03%
Households 0.32% 0.12%
Families 0.06% -0.06%
Median Household Income   2.56%
Per Capita Income   2.88%

Chicago, IL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Chicago to the other 1,369 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Illinois by rank and percentile using July 1, 2019 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density # 5 100th
Diversity Index # 10 99th
Median Household Income # 780 43rd
Per Capita Income # 407 70th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Illinois Census Data Comparison Tool.

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Illinois Census Data Comparison Tool

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