New Salem, IL Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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New Salem, Illinois - Basic Facts

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The Village of New Salem had a population of 140 as of July 1, 2016. New Salem ranks in the lower quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Illinois. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for New Salem is located at latitude 39.7076 and longitude -90.8478 in Pike County. The formal boundaries for the Village of New Salem (see map below) encompass a land area of 1.05 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Pike County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 784 feet.

The Village of New Salem (GNIS ID: 2399482) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The Village of New Salem is located within Township of New Salem, a minor civil division (MCD) of Pike County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with New Salem population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Neighborhood Data

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Village of New Salem, IL Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Township of New Salem | Pike County | Illinois Counties

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New Salem, IL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 140
Population in Households 140
Population in Familes 118
Population in Group Qrtrs 0
Population Density1 134
Diversity Index2 8


Total Households 61
Average Household Size 2.3
Family Households 42
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 64 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 48 (75.0%)
Renter Occupied HU 13 (20.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 3 ( 4.7%)
Median Home Value $67,500
Average Home Value $106,915


Median Household Income $40,364
Average Household Income $51,198
Per Capita Income $21,030
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 0.35% 0.0%
Households 0.81% 0.0%
Families 0.78% 0.47%
Median Household Income   1.51%
Per Capita Income   1.75%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

New Salem, IL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares New Salem to the other 1,368 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Illinois by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1274 7th
Population Density1 # 1326 3rd
Diversity Index2 # 974 28th
Median Household Income # 1121 18th
Per Capita Income # 1146 16th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Illinois Census Data Comparison Tool.

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