Mattoon, IL Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Mattoon, Illinois - Basic Facts

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The City of Mattoon had a population of 18,525 as of July 1, 2016.

The primary coordinate point for Mattoon is located at latitude 39.4778 and longitude -88.3622 in Coles County. The formal boundaries for the City of Mattoon (see map below) encompass a land area of 10.31 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Coles County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 735 feet.

The City of Mattoon (GNIS ID: 2395046) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Mattoon is located within Township of Mattoon, a minor civil division (MCD) of Coles County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Mattoon population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Neighborhood Data

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City of Mattoon, IL Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Township of Mattoon | Coles County | Illinois Counties

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Mattoon, IL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 18,525
Population in Households 18,107
Population in Familes 13,409
Population in Group Qrtrs 418
Population Density1 1,796
Diversity Index2 15


Total Households 8,011
Average Household Size 2.26
Family Households 4,622
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 8,928 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 4,751 (53.2%)
Renter Occupied HU 3,261 (36.5%)
Vacant Housing Units 917 (10.3%)
Median Home Value $83,213
Average Home Value $107,067


Median Household Income $38,116
Average Household Income $51,333
Per Capita Income $22,283
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population -0.03% -0.06%
Households -0.3% -0.18%
Families 0.08% -0.32%
Median Household Income   0.64%
Per Capita Income   1.24%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Mattoon, IL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Mattoon to the other 1,368 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Illinois by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 138 90th
Population Density1 # 351 74th
Diversity Index2 # 606 56th
Median Household Income # 1193 13th
Per Capita Income # 1034 24th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Illinois Census Data Comparison Tool.

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