Charleston, IL Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Charleston, Illinois - Basic Facts

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The City of Charleston had a population of 21,947 as of July 1, 2016. Charleston ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Illinois. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Charleston is located at latitude 39.4848 and longitude -88.1776 in Coles County. The formal boundaries for the City of Charleston (see map below) encompass a land area of 8.99 sq. miles and a water area of 0.71 sq. miles. Coles County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 673 feet.

The City of Charleston (GNIS ID: 2393803) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Charleston is located within Township of Charleston, a minor civil division (MCD) of Coles County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Charleston population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Neighborhood Data

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City of Charleston, IL Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Township of Charleston | Coles County | Illinois Counties

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Charleston, IL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 21,947
Population in Households 17,939
Population in Familes 9,570
Population in Group Qrtrs 4,008
Population Density1 2,441
Diversity Index2 28


Total Households 7,850
Average Household Size 2.29
Family Households 3,314
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 8,618 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 3,344 (38.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 4,506 (52.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 768 ( 8.9%)
Median Home Value $101,543
Average Home Value $133,433


Median Household Income $32,419
Average Household Income $52,012
Per Capita Income $19,537
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 0.08% -0.02%
Households -0.16% -0.12%
Families 0.05% -0.34%
Median Household Income   0.92%
Per Capita Income   1.23%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Charleston, IL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Charleston to the other 1,368 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Illinois by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 114 92nd
Population Density1 # 187 86th
Diversity Index2 # 386 72nd
Median Household Income # 1323 3rd
Per Capita Income # 1240 9th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Illinois Census Data Comparison Tool.

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